Public Law 116–121
Mar. 3, 2020
[S. 394]To amend the Presidential Transition Act of 1963 to improve the orderly transfer of the executive power during Presidential transitions.
Act of 2019.
3 USC 1 note. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the ‘‘Presidential Transition Enhancement Act of 2019’’.
SEC. 2. PRESIDENTIAL TRANSITION ENHANCEMENTS.
(a) IN GENERAL.—Section 3 of the Presidential Transition Act
of 1963 (3 U.S.C. 102 note) is amended—
(1) in subsection (a)—
Deadline.(A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking ‘‘upon request,’’ and all that follows through ‘‘including’’ and inserting ‘‘upon request, to each President-elect, each Vice-President-elect, and, for up to 60 days after the date of the inauguration of the President-elect and Vice-President-elect, each President and Vice President, for use in connection with the preparations for the assumption of official duties as President or Vice President necessary services and facilities, including’’; and
(B) in paragraph (2)—
(i) by inserting ‘‘, or an employee of a committee of either House of Congress, a joint committee of the Congress, or an individual Member of Congress,’’ after ‘‘any branch of the Government’’; and
(ii) by inserting ‘‘, or in the case of an employee in a position in the legislative branch, with the consent of the supervising Member of Congress’’ after ‘‘with the consent of the head of the agency’’;
(2) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:
‘‘(b) The Administrator shall expend funds for the provision
of services and facilities under this section—
Time period.‘‘(1) in connection with any obligation incurred by the President-elect or Vice-President-elect, or after the inauguration of
the President-elect as President and the inauguration of the
Vice-President-elect as Vice President incurred by the President
or Vice President, during the period—
‘‘(A) beginning on the day after the date of the general
elections held to determine the electors of the President
and Vice President under section 1 or 2 of title 3, United
States Code; and
‘‘(B) ending on the date that is 60 days after the date of such inauguration; and
‘‘(2) without regard to whether the President-elect, Vice President-elect, President, or Vice President submits to the Administrator a request for payment regarding services or facilities before the end of such period.’’;
(3) in subsection (h)(2)(B)(ii), by striking ‘‘computers’’ and inserting ‘‘information technology’’; and
(4) By adding at the end the following:
‘‘(i) MEMORANDUMS OF UNDERSTANDING.— ‘‘(1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than September 1 of a year Deadline.
during which a Presidential election occurs, the Administrator shall, to the maximum extent practicable, enter into a memorandum of understanding with each eligible candidate, which shall include, at a minimum, the conditions for the administrative support services and facilities described in subsection (a).
‘‘(2) EXISTING RESOURCES.—To the maximum extent practicable, a memorandum of understanding entered into under paragraph (1) shall be based on memorandums of understanding relating to previous Presidential transitions.
‘‘(3) TRANSITION REPRESENTATIVE.—
‘‘(A) DESIGNATION OF REPRESENTATIVE FOR INQUIRIES.—
Each memorandum of understanding entered into under this subsection shall designate a representative of the eligible candidate to whom the Administrator shall direct any inquiries or legal instruments regarding the records of the eligible candidate that are in the custody of the
‘‘(B) CHANGE IN TRANSITION REPRESENTATIVE.—The
designation of a new individual as the transition representative of an eligible candidate shall not require the execution of a new memorandum of understanding under this subsection.
‘‘(C) TERMINATION OF DESIGNATION.—The designation
of a transition representative under a memorandum of understanding shall terminate—
‘‘(i) not later than September 30 of the year during
which the inauguration of the President-elect as President and the inauguration of the Vice-President-elect as Vice President occurs; or
‘‘(ii) before the date described in clause (i), upon request of the President-elect or the Vice-President elect or, after such inauguration, upon request of the President or the Vice President.
‘‘(4) AMENDMENTS.—Any amendment to a memorandum
of understanding entered into under this subsection shall be agreed to in writing.
Deadline.‘‘(5) PRIOR NOTIFICATION OF DEVIATION.—Each party to a memorandum of understanding entered into under this subsection shall provide written notice, except to the extent prohibited under another provision of law, not later than 3 days before taking any action that deviates from the terms and conditions agreed to in the memorandum of understanding.
‘‘(6) DEFINITION.—In this subsection, the term ‘eligible candidate’ has the meaning given that term in subsection (h)(4).’’.
(b) AGENCY TRANSITIONS.—Section 4 of the Presidential Transition Act of 1963 (3 U.S.C. 102 note) is amended—
(1) in subsection (a)—
(A) in paragraph (3), by striking ‘‘and’’ at the end;
(B) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (5);
(C) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following:
‘‘(4) the term ‘nonpublic information’—
‘‘(A) means information from the Federal Government that a member of a transition team obtains as part of the employment of the member that such member knows or reasonably should know has not been made available to the general public; and
‘‘(B) includes information that a member of the transition team knows or reasonably should know—
‘‘(i) is exempt from disclosure under section 552 of title 5, United States Code, or otherwise protected from disclosure by law; and
‘‘(ii) is not authorized by the appropriate government agency or officials to be released to the public; and’’;
(2) in subparagraphs (C) and (D) of subsection (e)(3), by inserting ‘‘serving in a career position’’ after ‘‘senior representative’’;
(3) by striking subsection (f)(2) and inserting the following:
Succession plan.‘‘(2) ACTING OFFICERS.—Not later than September 15 of a year during which a Presidential election occurs, and in accordance with subchapter III of chapter 33 of title 5, United States Code, the head of each agency shall ensure that a succession plan is in place for each senior noncareer position
in the agency.’’; and
(4) in subsection (g)—
(A) in paragraph (1), by striking ‘‘November 1’’ and inserting ‘‘October 1’’; and
(B) by adding at the end the following:
‘‘(3) ETHICS PLAN.—
Effective date. ‘‘(A) IN GENERAL.—Each memorandum of understanding under paragraph (1) shall include an agreement that the eligible candidate will implement and enforce an ethics plan to guide the conduct of the transition beginning on the date on which the eligible candidate becomes the President-elect.
‘‘(B) CONTENTS.—The ethics plan shall include, at a minimum—
Applicability. ‘‘(i) a description of the ethics requirements that will apply to all members of the transition team, including any specific requirement for transition team members who will have access to nonpublic or classified
‘‘(ii) a description of how the transition team will—
‘‘(I) address the role on the transition team of—
‘‘(aa) lobbyists registered under the Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995 (2 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.) and individuals who were former lobbyists registered under that Act; and
‘‘(bb) persons registered under the Foreign Agents Registration Act of 1938 (22 U.S.C.
611 et seq.), foreign nationals, and other foreign agents;
‘‘(II) prohibit a transition team member with conflicts of interest similar to those applicable to Federal employees under section 2635.402(a) and
section 2635.502(a) of title 5, Code of Federal Regulations, related to current or former employment, affiliations, clients, or investments, from working on particular matters involving specific parties that affect the interests of such member; and
‘‘(III) address how the covered eligible candidate will address his or her own conflicts of interest during a Presidential term if the covered eligible candidate becomes the President-elect;
‘‘(iii) a Code of Ethical Conduct, which each member of the transition team will sign and be subject to, that reflects the content of the ethics plans under this paragraph and at a minimum requires transition team members to—
‘‘(I) seek authorization from transition team leaders or their designees before seeking, on behalf of the transition, access to any nonpublic information;
‘‘(II) keep confidential any nonpublic information provided in the course of the duties of the member with the transition and exclusively use such information for the purposes of the transition; and
‘‘(III) not use any nonpublic information provided in the course of transition duties, in any manner, for personal or private gain for the
member or any other party at any time during or after the transition; and
‘‘(iv) a description of how the transition team will enforce the Code of Ethical Conduct, including the names of the members of the transition team responsible for enforcement, oversight, and compliance.
Web posting.‘‘(C) PUBLICLY AVAILABLE.—The transition team shall make the ethics plan described in this paragraph publicly available on the internet website of the General Services
Administration the earlier of—
‘‘(i) the day on which the memorandum of understanding is completed; or
‘‘(ii) October 1.’’.
Approved March 3, 2020